Elements and Principles of Art

When children enter the world of Visual Art - they begin to wonder, and use their imagination to explore and experiment with all kinds of mediums to express themselves.

Their senses ignite with new discoveries; they are inquisitive and inspired to create with no inhibitions.

Art at Turner is based on ‘Inquiry based learning’, to encourage their ability to question and inspire a sense of wonder. They study famous Artist’s work - to learn how they use different mediums and techniques to express themselves, and they learn how to incorporate the ‘Elements and Principles of Art.

  • The ‘Elements of Art’ that all children learn are: line, colour, texture, tone, shape, form and space. The elements of art are the building blocks of all art. Every piece of art ever created includes one or more of these elements
  • The ‘Principles of Art’ are: balance, emphasis, movement, proportion, rhythm, unity, pattern, repetition and variety. They are used by artists as guidelines to control the use of the ‘Elements of Art’. They determine how the elements are used, the way they are combined, and their overall effect.

Student holding up a watercolour painting she created inspired Monet's Waterlilies Student creating a picture of a roosterStudent creating a picture of a roosterStudent paining a picture inspired by Student mixing paints together.

Children also learn to use critical thinking to analyse famous artworks and their own artwork by writing reflections and Y charts, they also learn to express themselves by giving ‘Feedback’ using Art vocabulary.